Saturday, January 8, 2011

Maya civilization part 2

For all of you if you are not aware of part 1, you can find it here: >>CLICK<<



Maya people is often called the 'Greeks of the New World' for its outstanding achievements in mathematics, astronomy, art and letters. For the recording dates they used glyphs, carved figures and numbers. Numbers were writhed, both horizontally and vertically. Zero was in their knowledge.

The diversity of civilization is evident in the construction. The city is a place for the Mayans for meeting people, sharing services and material goods. It is not clear how the large stone blocks could be cut with such accuracy, how they were painted and how they were transferred to the site because they did not know the wheel. Studies have shown that the Maya buildings were the most refined architectural monuments in history.


Mayan Calendar

The Maya recorded the movement of stars and planets. By observing the sky created the solar calendar. The calendar consisted of 18 months at 20 days (18 times 20 equals 360). He shared the time in days, the Maya 'kin', the months of 20 days 'uinal', the year 'tun' and a period of 20 years, 'katun'. After the expiration of each katun they prepared a great feast and celebrate the god who represented the time. The ceremony, which celebrated the new year called the Tzolkin.

Months of the year was called Pop, Uo, Zip, Zotz, Tzec, Xul, Yaxkin, Mol, Chen, Yax, Zac, Ceh, Mac, Kankin, Moan, Pax, Kayaba and Cumbo. They must add five more days to get one complete year. During these days, which called Uayeb they ware especially careful not to quarrel, not to fall asleep and not to stumble while walking. They believed that what they are doing these days that it will work forever, so they stayed at home and avoid the hard work.

The ritual calendar, or Tzolkin, consisted of two periods, one of thirteen days, and another twenty. Altogether it had 260 days. With Tzolkin shamans were determined work days in the field and days for the ritual ceremony.

The third calendar or long calculations consisted of a continuous count of days since the beginning of the current era, 13 August 3114 BC. Dates in the calendar have five numbers, where the first sets of nubres marks 400 years, other sets of 20 year, third years (each at 360 days), the fourth number of months, and fifth days.



Tomorrow: Mayan civilization part 3:  2012


Enjoy your time!

22 comments:

  1. Good to know before the 2012 hype starts. Thanks.

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  2. Interesting post. Ill make sure to check in tomorrow for part 3

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  3. this architecture is really unique, beautiful buildings from a beautiful period in time. ill be sure to follow and check out part 3

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  4. Interesting stuff, we'll see what happens next year lol

    If anyone wants to check out my blog about classic video games go here

    http://16bitisnotcool.blogspot.com

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  5. I love this stuff. It's funny because I feel like the Mayans did the 2012 thing just to be total trolls - they probably thought "hey we don't need to write this stuff that far into the future lolol"

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  6. i love this kinda stuff, so interesting

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  7. Yeah I seem to remember that their zygurauts are like super mathematical. Aligned with the stars, seasons, and suns rotations. Quite the impressive work for such a long time ago.

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  8. ya man, mayans are friggin badass, i wouldnt wanna fight one lol

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  9. it makes me wonder if they really expect something to happen in 2012 or if that's just when they cut it off... either way im checking part 3 tomorrow lol

    oh and here's my blog if anyone's interested: http://lifeofbaron.blogspot.com

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  10. scary sacrifices and bitchin architecture. a cool civilization id say

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  11. The astronomy skills required to create that calendar is huge. Also they had nice arhitecture.
    Can't wait for part 3

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  12. man they sure are interesting
    i wonder if they encountered ETs. you know it is said that egyptians made the pyramids with help from above etc.

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  13. It's the end of the world as we know it. And i feel fine.

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  14. those silly mayans, they'll bring about the end of the world

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  15. I was wondering when we'd get to the 2012 thing, nice to see it's up next.

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  16. That was worth the read, recommended!

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  17. awesome pics. and love the info.

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