Thursday, January 6, 2011
The people of Maya is one of the most advanced Native American indigenous peoples. They were living on the Yucatan peninsula in Mexico and in Honduras, El Salvador, Guatemala and Belize. Powerful Mayan civilization dates from 2000 BC. They were destroyed by Spanish conquerors in the early 16th century. Remains of their cities swallowed the rainforest. Today in the world lives for about 2 million descendants of the Maya.
Mayan language belongs to the language 'Mayan' who is at least 3,000 years old. Today's modern Mayans speak Mayan languages, which evolved from the ancient proto-Maya language Maya Nab'ee Tzij.
The first settlements were built by the Mayans 2000th BC. Empire were divided into city-states. Some have temporarily ruled the others or were connected to the covenant. During the classical period from 300 to 900 the empire reached its peak. Cities were connected with network of roads some of which are still in use. The most important towns were Comalcalco, Palenque, Copan, Calakmul, Uaxactun and Altun Ha. The largest and richest city in which lived between 75,000 and 100,000 people, was Tikal. Population growth increased the number of city-states, a nobility which was ruled by each other's marriages, and war.
The period from the 900th the 1500th is the beginning of the end of the Mayan civilization. After fighting each other and the conflict with the Nahua-Toltec tribes survived only three cities Mayapan, Chichen Itza and Uxmal.With the arrival of the Spaniards in Yucatan 1520th The nation has been exiled to the jungle. In 1524th The Spaniards under Pedro de Alvarado conquered the peninsula and occupied the southern part. The last Mayan city Itzuli was conquered in the 1697th year, but the Mayans fought with the invaders during the 19th century. Maya rebelled in Yucatan. The seat was a village of Chan-Santa-Cruz. Until 1910. several expeditions tried to reach the village. Each attempt ended with the number of victims.
Posted by Mister Sharaf at 3:33 PM